Ancient Egypt (Kemetan)

Anapa (better known by the Greek name Anubis) was a jackal-headed god associated with the afterlife.

 

There are people who like to promote the idea that Shinto is somehow special or ‘unique’.  It’s not.  It’s part of a community of pagan religions, and a Green Shinto reader named Malaz who is a priest of Sekhmet from the Kemetan faith of ancient Egypt  has highlighted the similarities between the two religions.

**********************************************************************************

Malaz comments: In studying the contrast between Kemetan and Shinto belief, I found there are many concepts which are similar.  There are more ideals in the two faiths which are alike than not.

An important factor for this study was realizing that, while there are so many ideals that compare, the issue seems to be that the Japanese have more “names for their ideas”.  Aidono is an excellent example.  It is the Japanese word for the idea that there are subordinate deities in a particular shrine. Of course, the Ancient Egyptians had principal deities and deities to the right and left of altars but with the exception of the title, “HA.w-kAr”, and no way to prove that this title was used in the same way as the word Aidono, we must simply acknowledge that the two faiths practice/d in a similar way, but did/do not necessarily label them in this manner.

Sekhmet, a solar deity and daughter of Ra, who was also a warrior goddess and depicted as a lioness. (All photos here supplied by the author.)

Amaterasu –  primary deity/ sun goddess / warrior / mother goddess
Sekhmet – primary deity/ sun goddess / warrior / mother goddess

Amatsukami, Kunitsukami      “Kami of heaven,” “kami of earth.”
sbAy.w
  star Gods   Akr  Aker (god); the earth; earth-gods

Aki matsuri: Autumn Festival
Min Hadab: Autumn Festival

Aku: unhappiness, disaster, or inferiority of nature or value
jj.t    disaster   njd   label for something impure, harmful

Araburu kami: Malignant gods who bring affliction to human beings.
wr-nxt  “demon” (The Egyptians had many words for deities which could be potentially harmful)

Banshin  immigrant deities
The Egyptians adopted a few gods from other cultures, but there was no distinction in vocabulary.  Examples of adopted gods are Bes (seen below), Osiris and Neith.

Bokusen Divination.
(The Egyptians had many types of divination)

Ritual dance, Egyptian style. Notice the sun-like disk and green plants (like sakaki) being held by dancers in the lower part of the picture.

Bon matsuri  A festival celebrated around July or August 15 in order to console the spirits of the dead.
Sokar Hadab  One of several festivals for the dead.

Boshijin   Mother-child kami
Iwn-mwt.f   Pillar-of-his-mother, a name of Horus

Chinju no kami   A tutelary god protecting a specific geographical area.
(The Egyptians had a local god for each home)

Chi no wa  A circle made of plants for casting off sources of misfortune.
zAr.w         “tying up” (See “zar exorcism” in modern Egypt)

Daiguji Supreme priest (the highest priest is considered the emperor himself)
Hm-nTr-tpj  high priest  (note: the true high priest was considered the Pharaoh himself)

Dashi Festival float
(The Egyptians also used a barque during festivals to carry images of their deities)

Gunshin  Ikusa no kami, Ikusa gami    tutelary kami of battle,
xA.tjw   fighting Gods

Haishi    joint tutelaries alongside a shrine’s primary object of worship (shushin or shusaijin)
nTr.wy       (Two) the Two Gods

Harae-do   A place (do) for the performance of purification (harae)
wab.t
        Purification Place (In Ancient Egypt (as in modern Japan) the rivers next to shrines were considered the ‘best practice’ purification place, however, there were also “sacred baths” next to many Egyptian temples where priests bathed 5 times a day.  nTri  (noun) purification   nTri  (verb)  to be divine  (Note: ‘Ntr’ denotes both purifying and the purifying gods.)

Purification of the gods in ancient Egypt

Himachi  Waiting for the sun. A popular religious custom in which a company of believers assembles at a member’s home on set days, such as the 15th of the first, fifth, and ninth months of the lunar calendar, to hold a religious ceremony, spend the night in fellowship, and worship the rising sun.
(Ancient Egyptians also did similar things. Though popular scholarship claims Ra as Sun god, It is more likely that, given the matriarchal nature of the lineage of the pharaohs, Sekhmet (like Amaterasu) was given highest status.)

Hi matsuri A festival centering around fire.
ax  [site of the fire sacrifice]

himegami female-kami
ntrt
    goddess

Hi no kami God of fire.  Fire itself is not worshiped in Japan, but various deities in charge of fire are worshiped.
(The Egyptians had several fire deities including Ammut, the Devourer of Spirits)

Hitorigami  A kami which came into being alone.
(The Egyptians had several deities which were considered “self created”. Khnum was one of them.

Kagura A performance of classical ceremonial music and dance.
(The Egyptians also had many types of ritual dance and song)

Ritual barque in ancient Egypt, equivalent of the Shinto mikoshi

Kami An appellation for the objects of worship in Shinto. An honorific term extolling the sacred authority and sublime virtue of spiritual beings.
Dsrt
: goddess, spirit, wine (several other things considered “holy”) (While the term “Netjer” ntj.r is commonly used to describe Egyptian Spiritual Beings, the word “Dasarat” seems more fitting as it can also refer to holy objects, places and animals.)

Kamidana Household altar (literally, god-shelf)
Hr.t  sacrifice table, altar

Kegare  Pollution. Thought originally to have meant an unusual condition. Some scholars interpret it to mean the exhausting of vitality.
njd  label for something impure

Kibuku Mourning. It is customary to refrain from leaving home during a certain period of mourning for the deceased.
imw   mourning ritual

Magatsuhi no kami  Gods who bring about sin, pollution, and disaster,
aAh.w-ib  harmful deities

Priests may have carried out similar functions in Ancient Egypt as in Japan, but they sure dressed differrently

Megumi  The granting of a blessing. The bestowing of grace. Mi-megumi is the form used when referring respectfully to a blessing from a god, a parent, or a person of superior rank.
Htp-di-nsw   boon which the king gives.  The term uses the above mentioned “Hdb/Htp” which implies a divine origin of the granted request.

Miko  A priestess serving as an assistant at a shrine. Roles of the miko include performing in ceremonial dances (miko-mai) and assisting priests in wedding ceremonies. In ancient times, women who went into trances and conveyed the words of a god were called miko; today, this tradition still lives among the people, independent of the shrines.
h.m-nt_r  priestess   The Hamat Natar had many different functions but the designation “.t” denotes special terminology for females.

Myōjin   An archaic term used to refer to deities of particularly impressive power and virtue
sxm  Powerful One   skm  Power/Powerful (applied to any powerful deity, including the most powerful: Sekhmet)

x-No-kami  Gods of whatever…
x-Ntj  Gods of whatever…

Shinto practitioners make offerings of votive tablets, food…etc..to their gods at small shrines and large temples
Ditto Egypt

takaikan  Other worlds which are the sites of residence for the dead and transcendental entities
(The Egyptians had several “other worlds” but not a single word to describe all of them)

tenson-kōrin   the time of the Heavenly Grandson’s descent to Japan (signifying a divine imperial line)
Narmer/Menes  the first human ruler of Egypt, directly inheriting the throne from the god Horus. (Each king took a Horus name to signify that his/her rule was of divine origin.)

The symbolic gateways of the temples in ancient Egypt, though made of stone are reminiscent of torii

 

A selection of ancient Egyptian amulets, reminiscent of Japanese netsuke

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Comments

Ancient Egypt (Kemetan) — 8 Comments

    • Hi Paul,
      There are a number of sites and organizations which are Kemetan or Mesopotamian in practice. Unfortunately for this discussion, I am unaffiliated with them as Reconstructionist (Celtic,Norse,Egyptian..etc..)faiths often must improvise on some of their practices. I will provide them here for you, but know that my personal practice is based on divination versus any sort of “orthodoxy.”

      The Temple of Goddess Spirituality ( Sekhmet) Nevada,USA
      The Way of 5 Bodies (Robert Masters and affiliated organizations)
      Akhet (Sekhmets Way)
      Kemet.org
      “Mother Sekhmet” and the Nibiruians at Lightworkers.org
      Per-Sekhmet.org
      Hank Wessleman and the “Encounter with Sekhmet” group
      Netjer.org
      The Temple of Isis UK
      The Sekem Group or the Abouleish Foundation
      Ra Un Nefer Amen I and Ausar Auset Society International
      Nikhtah Ma’eyah Kimata – The Black Nation
      Church of the Eternal Source
      Temple Harakhte by author Rosemary Clark
      Akhet Hwt Hrw School

      Per Heh “Veridical Kemetic Faith”
      Nuhati-am-Nutjeru founded by Ptahmassu Kaamptah Marianptah
      International Network of Kemetics
      Ta Noutri (France)
      Kamitic – french group (Atenism, founded by Pierre Nillon)
      Akhxxxx Fellowship (Atenism)

      I am not affiliated with The Order of Thelema, Rosicruxion, any organization affiliated with A. Crowley.

      Patrick Zeigler, or his SKHM site.
      Kemet Way or Ankh Institute.
      Kemet Nu or Kemet Nu Productions
      “Earth Center”
      Per Ankh , Sekhem Institute or Kemet Online
      Pr Ntr Kmt.
      Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple
      Per Kemet
      Noble Krewe of Hathor
      Kemet Kids
      Imhoteps Kemetic Orthodox Seminary
      Tehuti Online
      Shrine of a Shemsu
      Any form of Kemetic Wicca
      Virtual Temple of Heru-ur
      Joshua Free, Necrogate.com, Mardukite Ministries or the Nabu Priesthood
      Temple of Sumer.org
      Temple of the Ancients (Sumerian Recon)
      http://www.angelfire.com/mi/enheduanna/ (Enheduana Women’s Group)
      Shrine of Layla
      Illuminati-News.com (Sumerian conspiracy theorists)
      The Shrine of Litlith (Lilitu.com)
      Temple of the First Covenant (tic.org)

      My personal advice is that you avoid all these, go straight to Wikipedia
      (Kemetic Reconstructionism) and then do your own research (and divination ;)

    • Hi Paul,
      I apologize if my reply came off a little uppity. It’s just that some of the groups listed are “way off mission” by believing the Egyptian gods are aliens or self-help groups disguised as Kemetan spirituality.
      Malaz

      • Added note: though I disagree with them, you may find it helpful to contact the Temple of Isis in the UK or even the Kemetan Orthodoxy in Chicago.

  1. Fascinating. I think these sorts of comparisons can be very helpful as a way in to understanding a tradition that on the surface often looks radically different from our own; many thanks to Malaz for doing the heavy lifting on this! (And if it’s not out of place I’d like to offer a link to my own attempt at doing the same for Hellenismos, from a few years ago.)

    • Hi Erik,
      No worries on the extended research. It’s how I spend my free time. ;)
      You should msg John and see about getting that article reposted here for all the Shinto homiez!
      Malaz

    • Hi Erik,
      No worries on the extended research. It’s how I spend my free time. ;)
      You should msg John and see about getting that article reposted here for all our Shinto homiez!
      Malaz

  2. Thanks, Paul and Erik, for the responses. I’ll ask the author about links for further reading, and as for Hellenismos it would be great to have a link to something similar if you have one, Erik…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *